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Biological Activity for Azidothymidine
Azidothymidine is a selective reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Exhibits 100-fold selectivity for HIV reverse transcriptase over DNA polymerase α. Suppresses HIV-1 replication and enhances cell viability in HIV-1 infected T cells. Attenuates growth of multiple myeloma (MM) cells in vitro and reduces growth of MM tumor xenografts in mice. Increases differentiation iPSCs into cortical neurons and reduces the over-proliferation of neural precursors. Orally bioavailable and brain penetrant. Antiretroviral agent. Also decreases CRISPR-mediated homology directed repair (HDR) efficiency.
Sold for research purposes under agreement from Viiv.
Technical Data for Azidothymidine
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for Azidothymidine
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for Azidothymidine
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 267.24. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.74 mL||18.71 mL||37.42 mL|
|5 mM||0.75 mL||3.74 mL||7.48 mL|
|10 mM||0.37 mL||1.87 mL||3.74 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.37 mL||0.75 mL|
References for Azidothymidine
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Mitsuya et al (1985) 3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (BW A509U): an antiviral agent that inhibits the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human T-lymphotropic virus type III/lymphadenopathy-associated virus in vitro. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A. 82 7096 PMID: 2413459
Furman et al (1986) Phosphorylation of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine and selective interaction of the 5'-triphosphate with human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A. 83 8333 PMID: 2430286
Broder (2010) The development of antiretroviral therapy and its impact on the HIV-1/AIDS pandemic. Antiviral Res. 85 1 PMID: 20018391
Pereira et al (2013) Azidothymidine is effective against human multiple myeloma: a new use for an old drug? Anticancer Agents Med.Chem. 13 186 PMID: 22931421
Yu et al (2015) Small molecules enhance CRISPR genome editing in pluripotent stem cells. Cell Stem Cell 16 142 PMID: 25658371
Hu et al (2018) The telomerase inhibitor AZT enhances differentiation and prevents overgrowth of human pluripotent stem cell-derived neural progenitors. J.Biol.Chem. 293 8722 PMID: 29628445
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Citations for Azidothymidine
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Epigenetics Scientific Review
Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.