Apoptotic, antiproliferative and antiangiogenic agent, in vitro and in vivo; acts via an estrogen receptor-independent mechanism. Induces p53-induced apoptosis via two pathways: activation of p38 and NF-κB; and activation of JNK and AP-1 leading to Bcl-2 phosphorylation. Also upregulates death receptor 5 and binds to tubulin, inhibiting its assembly.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 302.41. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.31 mL||16.53 mL||33.07 mL|
|5 mM||0.66 mL||3.31 mL||6.61 mL|
|10 mM||0.33 mL||1.65 mL||3.31 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.33 mL||0.66 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
D'Amato et al (1994) 2-Methoxyestradiol, an endogenous mammalian metabolite, inhibits tubulin polymerization by interacting at the colchicine site. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A. 91 3964 PMID: 8171020
LaVallee et al (2002) 2-Methoxyestradiol inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis independently of estrogen receptors α and β. Cancer Res. 62 3691 PMID: 12097276
LaVallee et al (2003) 2-Methoxyestradiol up-regulates death receptor 5 and induces apoptosis through activation of the extrinsic pathway. Cancer Res. 63 468 PMID: 12543804
Shimada et al (2003) Roles of p38 and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase-mediated pathways in 2-methoxyestradiol-induced p53 induction and apoptosis. Carcinogenesis 24 1067 PMID: 12807754
If you know of a relevant reference for 2-Methoxyestradiol, please let us know.
Keywords: Apoptotic agent Apoptosis Inducer Antiangiogenics Apoptosis Inducers
Citations for 2-Methoxyestradiol
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Literature in this Area
Programmed Cell Death Poster
There are two currently recognized forms of programmed cell death: apoptosis and necroptosis. This poster summarizes the signaling pathways involved in apoptosis, necroptosis and cell survival following death receptor activation, and highlights the influence of the molecular switch, cFLIP, on cell fate.