Active Degraders

Degraders (e.g.PROTACs®, SNIPERs etc), are a new approach for the knockdown of target proteins within cells. Comprising binding moieties for an E3 ubiquitin ligase and a target protein joined by a linker, these hybrid molecules induce selective, proteasome-dependent degradation of target proteins and can be used to investigate downstream effects of protein knockdown or to interfere with specific signaling pathways.

PROTAC is a registered trademark of Arvinas, Inc.

Products
Background
Literature (4)

Ligands

Cat. No. Product Name / Activity
6356 AT 1
(+)-JQ1 based PROTAC with selectivity for BRD4
6921 BSJ-03-123
Selective Cdk6 degrader
6938 BSJ-03-204
Selective Cdk4/6 degrader
6937 BSJ-04-132
Selective Cdk4 degrader
6416 CM 11
Homo-PROTAC for self-degradation of pVHL30
6948 CRBN-6-5-5-VHL
Potent and selective cereblon degrader; cell-permeable
6327 dBET1
(+)-JQ1 based PROTAC targeting BET bromodomains, active in vivo
6606 dBRD9
Potent and selective BRD9 degrading PROTAC
6607 dTRIM 24
TRIM24 degrading PROTAC
6154 MZ 1
(+)-JQ1 based PROTAC that selectively degrades BRD4 in cells
6532 THAL SNS 032
Potent and selective Cdk9 degrading PROTAC
6524 TL 12-186
Multikinase degrading PROTAC
6745 TL 13-112
Selective ALK Degrader
6744 TL 13-12
Selective ALK degrader
6936 VZ 185
Potent and selective BRD7/9 Degrader
6713 ZXH 3-26
Potent and selective BRD4 degrader

Controls

Cat. No. Product Name / Activity
6922 BSJ-Bump
Negative control for BSJ-03-123 (Cat. No. 6921)
6155 cis MZ 1
Negative Control for MZ 1 (Cat. No. 6154)
6417 CMP 98
Negative Control for CM 11 (Cat. No. 6416)
6746 TL 13-110
Negative control for TL 13-112 (Cat. No. 6745)
6747 TL 13-22
Negative control for TL 13-12 (Cat. No. 6744)
6525 TL 13-27
Negative control for TL 12-186 (Cat. No. 6524)

Degraders (e.g.PROTACs®, SNIPERs etc), are a useful approach for the knockdown of target proteins within cells. Comprising binding moieties for an E3 ubiquitin ligase and a target protein joined by a linker, these hybrid molecules induce selective, proteasome-dependent degradation of target proteins and can be used to investigate downstream effects of protein knockdown or to interfere with specific signaling pathways. The methodology provides an attractive alternative to RNAi methods and have several advantages including:

  • Ease of use: Degraders are cell permeable small molecules that can be applied directly to cells with no need for expression vectors or transfection
  • The duration of effect is adjustable and can be reversed on compound washout
  • Broad applicability to different cell lines, small molecule Degraders do not require cells that are easily transfectable
  • Catalytic mode of action: they dissociate following ubiquitination and rebind to new target proteins, which allows their use at sub-stoichiometric concentrations.

Active Degraders - Tools for Targeted Protein Degradation

Active Degraders - Tools for Targeted Protein Degradation

Figure 1: Schematic showing the catalytic mode of action of heterobifunctional degrader molecules. Degraders initiate the formation of a ternary complex between an E3 ubiquitin ligase and a target protein which results in polyubiquitination of the target protein, its recognition by the proteasome and subsequent degradation. Degraders act catalytically by repeatedly engaging and directing the ubiquitination of target molecules.

Adapted from Tinworth et al. (2016) Med.Chem.Comm. 7 2206.


Another interesting feature of small molecule Degraders is their ability to confer additional selectivity, compared to the profile of the target protein ligand used. This is exemplified by AT 1 (Cat. No. 6356), which selectively degrades BRD4, whereas the target protein ligand component of AT 1, (+)- JQ1 (Cat. No. 4499), inhibits the closely related bromodomains of multiple BET family proteins.

Degraders are pharmacologically characterized by their DC50 and DMax values. These values can be used as a guide for the appropriate starting concentrations to use for your experiment. The DC50 is analogous to traditional IC50 values and is the concentration of Degrader at which 50% of the target protein is degraded. The DMax is the maximum level of degradation achievable.

An important factor to consider when using these products is the timescale required for maximum efficacy. This depends on the individual Degrader used; customers are referred to the references provided for each product for guidance. Another consideration is the 'hook effect', which leads to reduced degradation efficiency when high concentrations of compound are applied to cells. This is due to the formation of binary complexes, that compete with formation of the ternary complexes (E3 ligase-Degrader-target protein) required to achieve degradation. In general, very low concentrations of Degrader are required to achieve effective knock down.

Literature for Active Degraders

Tocris offers the following scientific literature for Active Degraders to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!

*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.


Targeted Protein Degradation

Targeted Protein Degradation Research Product Guide

This brochure highlights the tools and services available from Bio-Techne to support Targeted Protein Degradation research, including:

  • Active Degraders (e.g. PROTACs)
  • Degrader Building Blocks
  • Custom Degrader Services
  • UPS Proteins and Assays
  • Assays for Protein Degradation
Epigenetics

Epigenetics Scientific Review

Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.

Epigenetics in Cancer

Epigenetics in Cancer Poster

Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide Edition 3, this poster summarizes the main epigenetic targets in cancer. The dysregulation of epigenetic modifications has been shown to result in oncogenesis and cancer progression. Unlike genetic mutations, epigenetic alterations are considered to be reversible and thus make promising therapeutic targets.

Targeted Protein Degradation

Targeted Protein Degradation Poster

Degraders (e.g. PROTACs) are bifunctional small molecules, that harness the Ubiquitin Proteasome System (UPS) to selectively degrade target proteins within cells. They consist of three covalently linked components: an E3 ubiquitin ligase ligand, a linker and a ligand for the target protein of interest. Authored in-house, this poster outlines the generation of a toolbox of building blocks for the development of Degraders. The characteristics and selection of each of these components are discussed. Presented at EFMC 2018, Ljubljana, Slovenia