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threo Ifenprodil hemitartrate
Potent σ receptor agonist (Ki values are 59.1 and 2 nM for σ1 and σ2 receptors respectively) and GluN2B (formally NR2B) subunit-selective NMDA receptor antagonist (IC50 values are 0.22 and 324.8 μM at GluN2B and GluN2A respectively). Displays ~8-fold reduced affinity at α-adrenoceptors compared to Ifenprodil (Cat.No. 0545). Inhibits the hERG potassium channel (IC50 = 88 nM) and exhibits antiarrhythmic activity in vivo.
Please refer to IUPHAR Guide to Pharmacology for the most recent naming conventions.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 400.49. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.5 mL||12.48 mL||24.97 mL|
|5 mM||0.5 mL||2.5 mL||4.99 mL|
|10 mM||0.25 mL||1.25 mL||2.5 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.25 mL||0.5 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Hashimoto and London (1995) Interactions of erythro-ifenprodil, threo-ifenprodil and erythro-iodoifenprodil, and eliprodil with subtypes of σ receptors. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 273 307 PMID: 7737340
Avenet et al (1996) Antagonist properties of the stereoisomers of ifenprodil at NR1A/NR2A and NR1A/NR2B subtypes of the NMDA receptor expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 296 209 PMID: 8838458
Monassier et al (2007) σ2-receptor ligand-mediated inhibition of inwardly rectifying K+channels in the heart. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 322 341 PMID: 17460149
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2 Citations for threo Ifenprodil hemitartrate
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for threo Ifenprodil hemitartrate include:
Gasperini et al (2015) Prion protein and copper cooperatively protect neurons by modulating NMDA receptor through S-nitrosylation. Sci Rep 22 772 PMID: 25490055
Lassus et al (2018) Glutamatergic and dopaminergic modulation of cortico-striatal circuits probed by dynamic calcium imaging of networks reconstructed in microfluidic chips. Sci Rep 8 17461 PMID: 30498197
Do you know of a great paper that uses threo Ifenprodil hemitartrate from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Huntington's Disease Poster
Huntington's disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by the prevalent loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSN) in the striatum. This poster summarizes the MSN intracellular signaling pathways implicated in the pathology of HD, as well as highlighting the use of iPSCs for HD modeling.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.