Potent galanin receptor 2/3 (GAL2/GAL3) agonist (EC50 values are 45.7 and 112.2 nM, respectively). Exhibits no significant activity at galanin receptor 1. Endogenous satiety-inducing peptide; inhibits long chain fatty acid uptake by adipocytes and decreases food consumption in diet-induced obese mice and rats. Attenuates LH secretion in goldfish. Exhibits anxiolytic effects in vivo.
(Modifications: Gln-14 = C-terminal amide)
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solubility||Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 1619.9. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||0.62 mL||3.09 mL||6.17 mL|
|5 mM||0.12 mL||0.62 mL||1.23 mL|
|10 mM||0.06 mL||0.31 mL||0.62 mL|
|50 mM||0.01 mL||0.06 mL||0.12 mL|
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Walewski et al (2014) Spexin is a novel human peptide that reduces adipocyte uptake of long chain fatty acids and causes weight loss in rodents with diet-induced obesity Obesity (Silver Spring) 22 1643 PMID: 24550067
Reyes-Alcaraz et al (2016) Development of spexin-based human galanin receptor type II-specific agonists with increased stability in serum and anxiolytic effect in mice. Sci.Rep. 6 21453 PMID: 26907960
Kim et al (2014) Coevolution of the spexin/galanin/kisspeptin family: Spexin activates galanin receptor type II and III. Endocrinology 155 1864 PMID: 24517231
If you know of a relevant reference for Spexin, please let us know.
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Keywords: Spexin, supplier, Potent, galanin, receptors, 2, 3, agonists, agonism, GAL, endogenous, satiety, inducing, peptides, anxiolytic, anxiety, diabetes, obesity, NPQ, Neuropeptide, Q, Galanin, Receptors, Galanin, Receptors, Tocris Bioscience
Citations for Spexin
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.