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A selective κ-opioid receptor antagonist.
Sold with the permission of the University of Minnesota
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|water||18.37||25 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 734.72. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.25 mM||5.44 mL||27.22 mL||54.44 mL|
|1.25 mM||1.09 mL||5.44 mL||10.89 mL|
|2.5 mM||0.54 mL||2.72 mL||5.44 mL|
|12.5 mM||0.11 mL||0.54 mL||1.09 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Blake et al (1997) Differential agonist regulation of the human κ-opioid receptor. J.Neurochem. 68 1846 PMID: 9109509
Feng et al (1997) Nor-binaltorphimine precipitates withdrawal and excitatory amino acid release in the locus ceruleus of butorphanol- but not morphine-dependent rats. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 283 932 PMID: 9353416
Portoghese et al (1994) Structure-activity relationship of N17'-substituted norbinaltorphimine congeners. Role of the N17'-basic group in the interaction with a putative address subsite on the κ opioid receptor. J.Med.Chem. 37 1495 PMID: 8182708
If you know of a relevant reference for nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride, please let us know.
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Keywords: nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride, nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride supplier, selective, antagonists, κ-opioid, kappa-opioid, KOP, Receptors, OP2, nor-BNI, Norbinaltorphimine, Kappa, Opioid, 0347, Tocris Bioscience
29 Citations for nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride include:
Pina et al (2020) The kappa opioid receptor modulates GABA neuron excitability and synaptic transmission in midbrain-projections from the insular cortex. Neuropharmacology 165 107831 PMID: 31870854
Chen et al (2015) Effect of adenoviral delivery of prodynorphin gene on experimental inflammatory pain induced by formalin in rats. PLoS One 7 4877 PMID: 25663984
Chen et al (2015) Berberine Improves Intestinal Motility and Visceral Pain in the Mouse Models Mimicking Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-D) Symptoms in an Opioid-Receptor Dependent Manner. Sci Rep 10 e0145556 PMID: 26700862
Yi et al (2015) Low-frequency electroacupuncture suppresses focal epilepsy and improves epilepsy-induced sleep disruptions. Appl Environ Microbiol 22 49 PMID: 26150021
Braida et al (2009) Potential anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of salvinorin A, the main active ingredient of Salvia divinorum, in rodents. Br J Pharmacol 157 844 PMID: 19422370
Norris et al (2019) The Bivalent Rewarding and Aversive properties of δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are Mediated Through Dissociable Opioid Receptor Substrates and Neuronal Modulation Mechanisms in Distinct Striatal Sub-Regions. Sci Rep 9 9760 PMID: 31278333
Polter (2017) Constitutive activation of kappa opioid receptors at ventral tegmental area inhibitory synapsesfollowing acute stress. Elife 6 e23785 PMID: 28402252
Lee and Ko (2015) Distinct functions of opioid-related peptides and gastrin-releasing peptide in regulating itch and pain in the spinal cord of primates. Neuropsychopharmacology 5 11676 PMID: 26119696
Morse et al (2011) Ligand-directed functional selectivity at the mu opioid receptor revealed by label-free integrative pharmacology on-target. PLoS One 6 e25643 PMID: 22003401
Schmid et al (2013) Functional selectivity of 6'-guanidinonaltrindole (6'-GNTI) at κ-opioid receptors in striatal neurons. J Biol Chem 288 22387 PMID: 23775075
Kuzmin et al (2013) Upregulated dynorphin opioid peptides mediate alcohol-induced learning and memory impairment. Transl Psychiatry 3 e310 PMID: 24105441
Tejeda et al (2013) Prefrontal cortical kappa-opioid receptor modulation of local neurotransmission and conditioned place aversion. Neuropsychopharmacology 38 1770 PMID: 23542927
Russell-Randall and Dortch-Carnes (2011) κ opioid receptor localization and coupling to nitric oxide production in cells of the anterior chamber. J Biomed Sci 52 5233 PMID: 21666232
Cheng et al (2009) Endogenous opiates in the nucleus tractus solitarius mediate electroacupuncture-induced sleep activities in rats. PLoS One 2011 159209 PMID: 19729491
Land et al (2008) The dysphoric component of stress is encoded by activation of the dynorphin kappa-opioid system. J Neurosci 28 407 PMID: 18184783
Ma et al (2014) Methamphetamine induces autophagy as a pro-survival response against apoptotic endothelial cell death through the Kappa opioid receptor. Cell Death Dis 5 e1099 PMID: 24603327
Romero-Picó et al (2013) Hypothalamic κ-opioid receptor modulates the orexigenic effect of ghrelin. Br J Cancer 38 1296 PMID: 23348063
Ruiz-Pino et al (2015) Effects and interactions of tachykinins and dynorphin on FSH and LH secretion in developing and adult rats. Endocrinology 156 576 PMID: 25490143
Kuzumaki et al (2012) Effect of κ-opioid receptor agonist on the growth of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Neuropsychopharmacology 106 1148 PMID: 22343623
Grachev et al (2012) GPR54-dependent stimulation of luteinizing hormone secretion by neurokinin B in prepubertal rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 7 e44344 PMID: 23028524
Dai et al (2018) Selective blockade of spinal D2DR by levo-corydalmine attenuates MOR tolerance via suppressing PI3K/Akt-MAPK signaling in a MOR-dependent manner. Exp Mol Med 50 148 PMID: 30429454
Smith et al (2016) Endogenous central amygdala mu-opioid receptor signaling promotes sodium appetite in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113 13893 PMID: 27849613
Rogala et al (2012) Effects of a post-shock injection of the kappa opioid receptor antagonist norbinaltorphimine (norBNI) on fear and anxiety in rats. PLoS One 7 e49669 PMID: 23166745
Guida et al (2012) Salvinorin A reduces mechanical allodynia and spinal neuronal hyperexcitability induced by peripheral formalin injection. Mol Pain 8 60 PMID: 22913292
Carr et al (2010) Antidepressant-like effects of κ-opioid receptor antagonists in Wistar Kyoto rats. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 35 752 PMID: 19924112
Jones et al (2010) Identification of a κ-opioid agonist as a potent and selective lead for drug development against human African trypanosomiasis. Biochem Pharmacol 80 1478 PMID: 20696141
García-Fuster et al (2007) Effects of opiate drugs on Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) and effector caspases in the rat brain: regulation by the ERK1/2 MAP kinase pathway. Int J Clin Exp Med 32 399 PMID: 16482086
Morse et al (2013) Label-free integrative pharmacology on-target of opioid ligands at the opioid receptor family. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 14 17 PMID: 23497702
Gross et al (2010) Evidence for a role of opioids in epoxyeicosatrienoic acid-induced cardioprotection in rat hearts. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 298 H2201 PMID: 20400686
Do you know of a great paper that uses nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride from Tocris? Please let us know.
Reviews for nor-Binaltorphimine dihydrochloride
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Successfully stopped selective agonist-induced ERK phosphorylation in CHO cells. It’s a very reliable compound.
Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
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The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
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