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Glutamate receptor agonist acting at AMPA receptors and metabotropic glutamate receptors positively linked to phosphoinositide hydrolysis. Sensitizes neurons in hippocampus to depolarization by L-AP6 (the so called 'quis' effect). Also available as part of the Group I mGlu Receptor Tocriset™.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 189.13. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||5.29 mL||26.44 mL||52.87 mL|
|5 mM||1.06 mL||5.29 mL||10.57 mL|
|10 mM||0.53 mL||2.64 mL||5.29 mL|
|50 mM||0.11 mL||0.53 mL||1.06 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Littman et al (1995) Effects of quisqualic acid analogs on metabotropic glutamate receptors coupled to phosphoinositide hydrolysis in rat hippocampus. Neuropharmacology 34 829 PMID: 8532164
Porter et al (1992) (S)-Homoquisqualate: a potent agonist at the glutamate metabotropic receptor. Br.J.Pharmacol. 106 509 PMID: 1324071
Schulte et al (1994) Utilization of the resolved L-isomer of 2-amino-6-phosphohexanoic acid (L-AP6) as a selective agonist for a quisqualate-sensitized site in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. Brain Res. 649 203 PMID: 7953634
If you know of a relevant reference for L-Quisqualic acid, please let us know.
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Keywords: L-Quisqualic acid, L-Quisqualic acid supplier, AMPA, group, I, mGlur, agonists, potent, Glutamate, Receptors, iGlur, Ionotropic, Group, mGlu1, mGlu5, mGluR1, mGluR5, Metabotropic, (Metabotropic), 0188, Tocris Bioscience
9 Citations for L-Quisqualic acid
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for L-Quisqualic acid include:
Mansari et al (2015) Effects of acute and sustained administration of Vort. on the serotonin system in the hippocampus: electrophysiological studies in the rat brain. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 232 2343 PMID: 25665528
Mansari et al (2015) Restoration of serotonin neuronal firing following long-term administration of bupr. but not parox. in olfactory bulbectomized rats. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 18 PMID: 25522394
Ferré et al (2002) Synergistic interaction between adenosine A2A and glutamate mGlu5 receptors: implications for striatal neuronal function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99 11940 PMID: 12189203
Scholler (2017) HTS-compatible FRET-based conformational sensors clarify membrane receptor activation. Nat Chem Biol 13 372 PMID: 28135236
Hu and Tu (2015) The roads to mitochondrial dysfunction in a rat model of posttraumatic syringomyelia. Biomed Res Int 2015 831490 PMID: 25685811
Wall et al (2014) Disruption of GRM1-mediated signalling using R.zole results in DNA damage in melanoma cells. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 27 263 PMID: 24330389
Shin et al (2018) Participation of xCT in melanoma cell proliferation in vitro and tumorigenesis in vivo. Oncogenesis 7 86 PMID: 30425240
Porter et al (2005) Fenobam: a clinically validated nonbenzodiazepine anxiolytic is a potent, selective, and noncompetitive mGlu5 receptor antagonist with inverse agonist activity. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 315 711 PMID: 16040814
Calò et al (2005) Interactions between ephrin-B and metabotropic glutamate 1 receptors in brain tissue and cultured neurons. J Neurosci 25 2245 PMID: 15745950
Do you know of a great paper that uses L-Quisqualic acid from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.