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Biological Activity for L-AP5
L-AP5 is an NMDA antagonist and an agonist at quisqualate-sensitized AP6 site, where it is more potent than the isomer D-AP5. L-AP5 is more potent than D-AP5 at depressing synaptic responses at amino acid-induced and synaptic excitation of cat spinal neurons.
Technical Data for L-AP5
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for L-AP5
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for L-AP5
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 197.13. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||5.07 mL||25.36 mL||50.73 mL|
|5 mM||1.01 mL||5.07 mL||10.15 mL|
|10 mM||0.51 mL||2.54 mL||5.07 mL|
|50 mM||0.1 mL||0.51 mL||1.01 mL|
References for L-AP5
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Davies and Watkins (1982) Actions of D and L forms of 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate and 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate in the cat spinal cord. Brain Res. 235 378 PMID: 6145492
Evans et al (1982) The effect of a series of ω-phosphonic-α-carboxylic amino acids on electrically evoked and amino acid induced responses in isolated spinal cord preparations. Br.J.Pharmacol. 75 65 PMID: 7042024
Schulte et al (1994) Utilization of the resolved L-isomer fo 2-amino-6-phosphonohexanoic acid (L-AP6) as a selective agonist for a quisqualate-sensitized site in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. Brain Res. 649 203 PMID: 7953634
If you know of a relevant reference for L-AP5, please let us know.
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Keywords: L-AP5, L-AP5 supplier, Glutamate, NMDA, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, iGlu, Ionotropic, L-APV, LAPV, L_APV, LAP5, AP5, 0107, Tocris Bioscience
3 Citations for L-AP5
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for L-AP5 include:
Fan et al (2016) Reduced Hyperpolarization-Activated Current Contributes to Enhanced Intrinsic Excitability in Cultured Hippocampal Neurons from PrP(-/-) Mice. Front Cell Neurosci 10 74 PMID: 27047338
Kinney (2005) GAT-3 transporters regulate inhibition in the neocortex. J Neurophysiol 94 4533 PMID: 16135550
Fernández-Monreal et al (2004) Arginine 260 of the amino-terminal domain of NR1 subunit is critical for tissue-type plasminogen activator-mediated enhancement of N-MthD.-aspartate receptor signaling. J Biol Chem 279 50850 PMID: 15448144
Do you know of a great paper that uses L-AP5 from Tocris? Please let us know.
Reviews for L-AP5
Average Rating: 5 (Based on 1 Review.)
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AP5 is an NMDA antagonist, so we have used it to block the function of neurons. Neuronal activity of animals injected with AP5 into the brain were decreased, seen as low expression of the protein CFOS.
Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Huntington's Disease Poster
Huntington's disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by the prevalent loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSN) in the striatum. This poster summarizes the MSN intracellular signaling pathways implicated in the pathology of HD, as well as highlighting the use of iPSCs for HD modeling.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.