GW 3965 hydrochloride

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Cat.No. 2474 - GW 3965 hydrochloride | C33H31NO3ClF3.HCl | CAS No. 405911-17-3
Description: Orally active liver X receptor (LXR) agonist
Chemical Name: 3-[3-[[[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl](2,2-diphenylethyl)amino]propoxy]benzeneacetic acid hydrochloride
Purity: ≥98% (HPLC)
Citations (7)

Biological Activity

Selective, orally active non-steroidal agonist for the liver X receptor (LXR). In cell-based reporter gene assays, acts as a full agonist of hLXRα and hLXRβ (EC50 values are 190 and 30 nM respectively). Reduces angiotensin II-mediated increases in blood pressure; up-regulates ABCA1 gene expression and raises circulating HDL levels. Displays potent antiatherogenic activity in mouse models of atherosclerosis.

Licensing Information

Sold for research purposes under agreement from GlaxoSmithKline

Compound Libraries

GW 3965 hydrochloride is also offered as part of the Tocriscreen Plus. Find out more about compound libraries available from Tocris.

Technical Data

M. Wt 618.51
Formula C33H31NO3ClF3.HCl
Storage Desiccate at RT
Purity ≥98% (HPLC)
CAS Number 405911-17-3
PubChem ID 16078973
Smiles Cl.OC(=O)CC1=CC=CC(OCCCN(CC(C2=CC=CC=C2)C2=CC=CC=C2)CC2=C(Cl)C(=CC=C2)C(F)(F)F)=C1

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
DMSO 61.85 100
ethanol 12.37 20

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 618.51. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Select a batch to recalculate based on the batch molecular weight:
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.62 mL 8.08 mL 16.17 mL
5 mM 0.32 mL 1.62 mL 3.23 mL
10 mM 0.16 mL 0.81 mL 1.62 mL
50 mM 0.03 mL 0.16 mL 0.32 mL

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Product Datasheets

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
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Safety Datasheet


References are publications that support the products' biological activity.

Collins et al (2002) Identification of a nonsteroidal liver X receptor agonist through parallel array synthesis of tertiary amines. J.Med.Chem. 45 1963 PMID: 11985463

Leik et al (2007) GW3965, a synthetic liver X receptor (LXR) agonist, reduces angiotensin II-mediated pressor responses in Sprague-Dawley rats. Br.J.Pharmacol. 151 450 PMID: 17420776

Joseph et al (2002) Synthetic LXR ligand inhibits the development of atherosclerosis in mice Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 99 7604 PMID:

If you know of a relevant reference for GW 3965 hydrochloride, please let us know.

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Keywords: non-steroidal liver X receptor LXR agonists FXR Receptors Farnesoid LXR-like GW3965 hydrochloride GlaxoSmithKline GSK LXR-like Receptors

7 Citations for GW 3965 hydrochloride

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for GW 3965 hydrochloride include:

Kimura et al (2016) Polarization of M2 macrophages requires Lamtor1 that integrates cytokine and amino-acid signals Nature Communications 7 13130 PMID: 27731330

Menéndez-Gutiérrez et al (2015) Retinoid X receptors orchestrate osteoclast differentiation and postnatal bone remodeling. PLoS One 125 809 PMID: 25574839

Wahlang et al (2014) Human receptor activation by aroclor 1260, a polychlorinated biphenyl mixture. Toxicol Sci 140 283 PMID: 24812009

Candelaria et al (2014) Antiproliferative effects and mechanisms of liver X receptor ligands in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. Drug Metab Dispos 9 e106289 PMID: 25184494

Rondini et al (2014) Regulation of human cytosolic sulfotransferases 1C2 and 1C3 by nuclear signaling pathways in LS180 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. J Allergy Clin Immunol 42 361 PMID: 24335393

Gabbi et al (2012) Central diabetes insipidus associated with impaired renal aquaporin-1 expression in mice lacking liver X receptor β. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109 3030 PMID: 22323586

Hatano et al (2010) Murine atopic dermatitis responds to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors α and β/δ (but not γ) and liver X receptor activators. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 125 160 PMID: 19818482

Do you know of a great paper that uses GW 3965 hydrochloride from Tocris? If so please let us know.

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