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Biological Activity for GRP (human)
GRP (human) is a mammalian bombesin-like peptide neurotransmitter that is an agonist for the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR). GRP has been reported to activate GABAergic interneurons in the amygdala leading to increased GABA release and fear suppression in mice in vivo. Also involved in mitogenesis, and GI tract and appetite regulation.
Technical Data for GRP (human)
(Modifications: Met-27 = C-terminal amide)
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for GRP (human)
|Solubility||Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water|
References for GRP (human)
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Benya et al (1995) Expression and characterization of cloned human bombesin receptors. Mol.Pharmacol. 47 10 PMID: 7838118
Dudai (2003) Neurobiology: Fear thou not. Nature 421 325 PMID: 12540884
Shumyatsky et al (2002) Identification of a signaling network in lateral nucleus of amygdala important for inhibiting memory specifically related to learned fear. Cell 111 905 PMID: 12526815
Woodruff et al (1996) Bombesin receptors in the brain. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 780 223 PMID: 8602736
If you know of a relevant reference for GRP (human), please let us know.
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Keywords: GRP (human), GRP (human) supplier, Endogenous, GRP, receptor, agonists, GRP-Preferring, Receptors, BB2, Gastrin-Releasing, Peptide-Preferring, Bombesin, Gastrin-releasing, peptide, (human), 1789, Tocris Bioscience
5 Citations for GRP (human)
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for GRP (human) include:
Lee and Ko (2015) Distinct functions of opioid-related peptides and gastrin-releasing peptide in regulating itch and pain in the spinal cord of primates. Int J Inflam 5 11676 PMID: 26119696
Kim et al (2013) Enhanced autophagy blocks angiogenesis via degradation of gastrin-releasing peptide in neuroblastoma cells. J Neurosci 9 1579 PMID: 24108003
Gey et al (2016) Atf3 mutant mice show reduced axon regeneration and impaired regeneration-associated gene induction after peripheral nerve injury. Open Biol 6 PMID: 27581653
Solorzano et al (2015) Primary afferent and spinal cord expression of gastrin-releasing peptide: message, protein, and antibody concerns. Sci Rep 35 648 PMID: 25589759
Blais et al (2016) Gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the excitation of preoptic GABAergic neurons by bombesin Neuroscience Letters 633 262 PMID: 27693662
Do you know of a great paper that uses GRP (human) from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
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Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.