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Biological Activity for (D)-PPA 1
(D)-PPA 1 is a PD-1/PD-L1 interaction inhibitor. Binds to PD-L1 (Kd = 0.51 μM). Inhibits interaction at 1 mg/mL in flow cytometry. Inhibits tumor growth and prolongs survival time of mice in vivo.
Technical Data for (D)-PPA 1
(Modifications: Asn-1 = D-Asn, Tyr-2 = D-Tyr, Ser-3 = D-Ser, Lys-4 = D-Lys, Pro-5 = D-Pro, Thr-6 = D-Thr, Asp-7 = D-Asp, Arg-8 = D-Arg, Gln-9 = D-Gln, Tyr-10 = D-Tyr, His-11 = D-His, Phe-12 = D-Phe)
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for (D)-PPA 1
|Solubility||Soluble to 2 mg/ml in water|
References for (D)-PPA 1
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Chang et al (2015) Blocking of the PD-1/PD-L1 interaction by a D-peptide antagonist for cancer immunotherapy. Angew Chem.Int.Ed.Engl. 54 11760 PMID: 26259671
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Citations for (D)-PPA 1
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Literature in this Area
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Cancer Metabolism Poster
Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide, Edition 3, this poster summarizes the main targets for cancer metabolism researchers. Genetic changes and epigenetic modifications in cancer cells alter the regulation of cellular metabolic pathways. These distinct metabolic circuits could provide viable cancer therapeutic targets.