Bioreductive prodrug; activated by hypoxia to yield the topoisomerase II inhibitor AQ4. Displays little to no cytotoxic activity against 60 tumor cell lines tested under oxic conditions (IC50 >100 μM). Exhibits anti-tumor efficacy in vivo when combined with oxic cell cytotoxins; enhances the anti-tumor effect of cyclophosphamide (Cat. No. 4091) in a mouse tumor model.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 517.4. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.93 mL||9.66 mL||19.33 mL|
|5 mM||0.39 mL||1.93 mL||3.87 mL|
|10 mM||0.19 mL||0.97 mL||1.93 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.19 mL||0.39 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Friery et al (2000) Enhancement of the anti-tumour effect of cyclophosphamide by the bioreductive drugs AQ4N and tirapazamine. Br.J.Cancer 82 1469 PMID: 10780528
Patterson and McKeown (2000) AQ4N: a new approach to hypoxia-activated cancer chemotherapy. Br.J.Cancer 83 1589 PMID: 11104551
Mehibel et al (2009) Effects of cytokine-induced macrophages on the response of tumor cells to banoxantrone (AQ4N). Mol.Cancer Ther. 8 1261 PMID: 19435866
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Keywords: AQ4N prodrug hypoxia hypoxic cytotoxic topoisomerase II inhibitors inhibits antitumor antitumour chemotherapeutics AQ4N DNA Topoisomerase
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In normal cells, each stage of the cell cycle is tightly regulated, however in cancer cells many genes and proteins that are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle are mutated or over expressed. Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide, Edition 3, this poster summarizes the stages of the cell cycle and DNA repair. It also highlights strategies for enhancing replicative stress in cancer cells to force mitotic catastrophe and cell death.