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Bioreductive prodrug; activated by hypoxia to yield the topoisomerase II inhibitor AQ4. Displays little to no cytotoxic activity against 60 tumor cell lines tested under oxic conditions (IC50 >100 μM). Exhibits anti-tumor efficacy in vivo when combined with oxic cell cytotoxins; enhances the anti-tumor effect of cyclophosphamide (Cat. No. 4091) in a mouse tumor model.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 517.4. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.5 mM||3.87 mL||19.33 mL||38.65 mL|
|2.5 mM||0.77 mL||3.87 mL||7.73 mL|
|5 mM||0.39 mL||1.93 mL||3.87 mL|
|25 mM||0.08 mL||0.39 mL||0.77 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Friery et al (2000) Enhancement of the anti-tumour effect of cyclophosph. by the bioreductive drugs AQ4N and tirapazamine. Br.J.Cancer 82 1469 PMID: 10780528
Patterson and McKeown (2000) AQ4N: a new approach to hypoxia-activated cancer chemotherapy. Br.J.Cancer 83 1589 PMID: 11104551
Mehibel et al (2009) Effects of cytokine-induced macrophages on the response of tumor cells to banoxantrone (AQ4N). Mol.Cancer Ther. 8 1261 PMID: 19435866
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Keywords: Banoxantrone dihydrochloride, Banoxantrone dihydrochloride supplier, AQ4N, prodrug, hypoxia, hypoxic, cytotoxic, topoisomerase, II, inhibitors, inhibits, antitumor, antitumour, chemotherapeutics, DNA, Topoisomerase, 4219, Tocris Bioscience
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Cell Cycle & DNA Damage Repair Poster
In normal cells, each stage of the cell cycle is tightly regulated, however in cancer cells many genes and proteins that are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle are mutated or over expressed. Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide, Edition 3, this poster summarizes the stages of the cell cycle and DNA repair. It also highlights strategies for enhancing replicative stress in cancer cells to force mitotic catastrophe and cell death.