Selective M2 muscarinic receptor antagonist. Ki values are 64, 417, 786, 211 and 5130 nM for human recombinant M2, M1, M3, M4 and M5 muscarinic receptors, respectively.
Sold with the permission of Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|DMSO||10.54||25mM with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 421.54. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.37 mL||11.86 mL||23.72 mL|
|5 mM||0.47 mL||2.37 mL||4.74 mL|
|10 mM||0.24 mL||1.19 mL||2.37 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.24 mL||0.47 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Billard et al (1995) Identification of the primary muscarinic autoreceptor subtype in rat striatum as M2 through a correlation of in vivo microdialysis and in vitro receptor binding data. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 273 273 PMID: 7714776
Eglen et al (1996) Muscarinic receptor subtypes and smooth muscle function. Pharmacol.Rev. 48 531 PMID: 8981565
Hammer et al (1986) Binding profile of a novel cardioselective muscarinic receptor antagonist, AF-DX 116, to membranes of peripheral tissues and brain in the rat. Life Sci. 38 1653 PMID: 3754610
Mansfield et al (2005) Muscarinic receptor subtypes in human bladder detrusor and mucosa, studied by radioligand binding and quantitative competitive RT-PCR: changes in ageing. Br.J.Pharmacol. 114 1089 PMID: 15723094
If you know of a relevant reference for AF-DX 116, please let us know.
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Keywords: Selective M2 antagonists Muscarinic Receptors Acetylcholine ACh AFDX116 Otenzepad M2 Receptors
4 Citations for AF-DX 116
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for AF-DX 116 include:
Kitazawa et al (2009) M3 muscarinic receptors mediate positive inotropic responses in mouse atria: a study with muscarinic receptor knockout mice. Front Cell Neurosci 330 487 PMID: 19429792
Clancy et al (2007) Coregulation of natively expressed pertussis toxin-sensitive muscarinic receptors with G-protein-activated potassium channels. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 27 6388 PMID: 17567799
Bell et al (2015) Acetylcholine release in mouse hippocampal CA1 preferentially activates inhibitory-selective interneurons via α4β2* nicotinic receptor activation. J Neurosci 9 115 PMID: 25918499
Placeres-Uray et al (2014) M2 Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor modulates rat airway smooth muscle cell proliferation. World Allergy Organ J 6 22 PMID: 24377382
Do you know of a great paper that uses AF-DX 116 from Tocris? If so please let us know.