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Potent NMDA antagonist.
R-enantiomer also available.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 252.21. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.96 mL||19.82 mL||39.65 mL|
|5 mM||0.79 mL||3.96 mL||7.93 mL|
|10 mM||0.4 mL||1.98 mL||3.96 mL|
|50 mM||0.08 mL||0.4 mL||0.79 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Davies et al (1986) CPP, a new potent and selective NMDA antagonist. Depression of central neuron responses, affinity for [3H]-D-AP5 binding sites on brain membranes and anti-convulsant activity. Brain Res. 382 169 PMID: 2876749
If you know of a relevant reference for (RS)-CPP, please let us know.
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Keywords: (RS)-CPP, (RS)-CPP supplier, Potent, NMDA, antagonists, Glutamate, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, iGluR, Ionotropic, 0173, Tocris Bioscience
34 Citations for (RS)-CPP
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for (RS)-CPP include:
Chen et al (2018) In Vivo Regulation of Oligodendrocyte Precursor Cell Proliferation and Differentiation by the AMPA-Receptor Subunit GluA2. Cell Rep 25 852 PMID: 30355492
Armbruster et al (2014) Laser-scanning astrocyte mapping reveals increased glutamate-responsive domain size and disrupted maturation of glutamate uptake following neonatal cortical freeze-lesion. Front Cell Neurosci 8 277 PMID: 25249939
Zhao (2014) BDNF-endocannabinoid interactions at neocortical inhibitory synapses require phospholipase C signaling. J Neurophysiol 111 1008 PMID: 24335212
Wibrand et al (2010) Differential regulation of mature and precursor microRNA expression by NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptor activation during LTP in the adult dentate gyrus in vivo. Eur J Neurosci 31 636 PMID: 20384810
Ziskin et al (2007) Vesicular release of glutamate from unmyelinated axons in white matter. Nat Neurosci 10 321 PMID: 17293857
Ben-Mabrouk and Tryba (2010) Substance P modulation of TRPC3/7 channels improves respiratory rhythm regularity and ICAN-dependent pacemaker activity. Eur J Neurosci 31 1219 PMID: 20345918
Guo and Rainnie (2010) Presynaptic 5-HT(1B) receptor-mediated serotonergic inhibition of glutamate transmission in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Neuroscience 165 1390 PMID: 19963045
Birdsong et al (2019) Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits. Elife 8 PMID: 31099753
Viemari et al (2011) Activation of alpha-2 noradrenergic receptors is critical for the generation of fictive eupnea and fictive gasping inspiratory activities in mammals in vitro. Eur J Neurosci 33 2228 PMID: 21615559
Gaier et al (2010) Haploinsufficiency in peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase leads to altered synaptic transmission in the amygdala and impaired emotional responses. J Neurosci 30 13656 PMID: 20943906
Huang et al (2004) Astrocyte glutamate transporters regulate metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated excitation of hippocampal interneurons. J Neurosci 24 4551 PMID: 15140926
Abraham et al (2001) Heterosynaptic metaplasticity in the hippocampus in vivo: a BCM-like modifiable threshold for LTP. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98 10924 PMID: 11517323
Xiao et al (2017) Biased OXTergic Modulation of Midbrain DA Systems. Neuron 95 368 PMID: 28669546
Pollak et al (2017) Ion channel expression patterns in glioblastoma stem cells with functional and therapeutic implications for malignancy. PLoS One 12 e0172884 PMID: 28264064
Toyoizumi et al (2014) Modeling the dynamic interaction of Hebbian and homeostatic plasticity. Neuron 84 497 PMID: 25374364
Vaghi et al (2014) Rac1 and rac3 GTPases control synergistically the development of cortical and hippocampal GABAergic interneurons. Cereb Cortex 24 1247 PMID: 23258346
Reinhard et al (2014) Step-by-step instructions for retina recordings with perforated multi electrode arrays. PLoS One 9 e106148 PMID: 25165854
Tacconi et al (1993) Inhibition of [3H]-(+)-MK 801 binding to rat brain sections by CPP and 7-chlorokynurenic acid: an autoradiographic analysis. Br J Pharmacol 108 577 PMID: 8096780
Sacktor et al (1993) Persistent activation of the ζ isoform of protein kinase C in the maintenance of long-term potentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90 8342 PMID: 8378304
Xiao et al (2018) OXT functions as a spatiotemporal filter for excitatory synaptic inputs to VTA DA neurons. Elife 7 PMID: 29676731
Maag et al (2015) Dynamic expression of long noncoding RNAs and repeat elements in synaptic plasticity. Front Neurosci 9 351 PMID: 26483626
Neuner et al (2015) TRPC3 channels critically regulate hippocampal excitability and contextual fear memory. Behav Brain Res 281 69 PMID: 25513972
Viemari et al (2013) β-Noradrenergic receptor activation specifically modulates the generation of sighs in vivo and in vitro. Front Neural Circuits 7 179 PMID: 24273495
Matsui and Alvarez (2018) Cocaine Inhibition of Synaptic Transmission in the Ventral Pallidum Is Pathway-Specific and Mediated by Serotonin. Cell Rep 23 3852 PMID: 29949769
Logan et al (2007) Long-lasting NMDA receptor-mediated EPSCs in mouse striatal medium spiny neurons. J Neurophysiol 98 2693 PMID: 17804581
Bloodgood and Sabatini (2007) Nonlinear regulation of unitary synaptic signals by CaV(2.3) voltage-sensitive calcium channels located in dendritic spines. Neuron 53 249 PMID: 17224406
Voyer (2017) Repeated ventral midbrain neurotensin injections sensitize to amphetamine-induced locomotion and ERK activation: A role for NMDA receptors Neuropharmacology 112 150 PMID: 27267684
Saunders et al (2015) Corelease of acetylcholine and GABA from cholinergic forebrain neurons. Elife 4 PMID: 25723967
Zhao et al (2015) Extracellular glutamate exposure facilitates group I mGluR-mediated epileptogenesis in the hippocampus. J Neurosci 35 308 PMID: 25568123
Ferreira et al (2015) Highly differentiated cellular and circuit properties of infralimbic pyramidal neurons projecting to the periaqueductal gray and amygdala. Front Cell Neurosci 9 161 PMID: 25972785
Hooks et al (2015) Dual-channel circuit mapping reveals sensorimotor convergence in the primary motor cortex. J Neurosci 35 4418 PMID: 25762684
Messer and Levine (2012) Epileptiform activity in the CA1 region of the hippocampus becomes refractory to attenuation by cannabinoids in part because of endogenous γ-aminobutyric acid type B receptor activity. J Neurosci Res 90 1454 PMID: 22388975
Newman (2005) Calcium increases in retinal glial cells evoked by light-induced neuronal activity. J Neurosci 25 5502 PMID: 15944378
Smith and Otis (2005) Pattern-dependent, simultaneous plasticity differentially transforms the input-output relationship of a feedforward circuit. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102 14901 PMID: 16199519
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CPP 5 mM
Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Huntington's Disease Poster
Huntington's disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by the prevalent loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSN) in the striatum. This poster summarizes the MSN intracellular signaling pathways implicated in the pathology of HD, as well as highlighting the use of iPSCs for HD modeling.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.