Ghrelin is the endogenous ligand for the ghrelin receptor, also known as the growth hormone secretagog receptor (GHS-R1a). Alternative splicing of the preproghrelin yields two active peptides: ghrelin and des-Gln14-ghrelin, which differ by the deletion of one amino acid residue. The predominant form, ghrelin, is highly expressed in endocrine cells of the stomach, with low levels also found in the hypothalamus.
The G-protein-coupled ghrelin receptor is expressed in the pituitary, hypothalamus, hippocampus, gastrointestinal tract and the vasculature including the aorta, coronary arteries, pulmonary arteries, arcuate arteries, and saphenous veins. Ghrelin potently stimulates the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary. Ghrelin is thought to act on ghrelin receptors present on pituitary somatotrophs and on growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) positive cells in the hypothalamus triggering GHRH release. The peptide also acts as a potent vasodilator in vivo and in vitro.
Ghrelin peptide was the first circulating hormone shown to stimulate eating and weight gain. In humans circulating ghrelin levels are decreased in acute states of positive energy balance and obesity, and are elevated during weight loss induced by sustained fasting and anorexia nervosa. The development of ghrelin antagonists, or a means to inhibit ghrelin release may be an important pharmaceutical goal for the management of obesity.View all products for Ghrelin Receptors »
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Literature for Ghrelin Receptors
A collection of over 450 products for G protein-coupled receptors, the listing includes research tools for the study of:
- Rhodopsin-like Receptors
- Secretin-like Receptors
- Glutamate Receptors
- Frizzled Receptors
- GPCR Signaling
A collection of over 200 products for peptide hormone receptors, the listing includes research tools for the study of:
- Anterior Pituitary Regulation
- Blood Pressure Regulation
- Feeding and Appetite Regulation
- Glucose Regulation
- Peptide Hormone Processing
A synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis, outlining the putative roles of most of the known proteins and lists compounds available from Tocris.Download PDF | View all reviews
Written by Victoria Taylor et al, this poster summarizes the major gut hormones and neuropeptide modulators that influence digestion, appetite and energy expenditure. The intracellular targets of stimulatory and inhibitory hormones and the role of the hypothalamus in signal integration are also described. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.Request copy | View all posters
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