AMPA Receptors

Supporting information

AMPA receptors are members of the ionotropic class of glutamate receptors, which also includes NMDA and kainate receptors. AMPA receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the CNS and play a key role in hippocampal synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD).

AMPA receptors consist of GluR1-4 subunits which assemble as homomers or heteromers to form functional AMPA receptors. The subunit composition determines the physiological properties of AMPA receptors: those containing the GluR2 subunit show low permeability to Ca2+ whereas those lacking this subunit show high Ca2+ permeability.

To view external sources of pharmacological information for AMPA Receptors, please click here: BJP Guide

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Gene Species Gene Symbol Gene Accession No. Protein Accession No.
GluA1 Human GRIA1 NM_000827 P42261
Mouse Gria1 NM_008165 P23818
Rat Gria1 NM_031608 P19490
GluA2 Human GRIA2 NM_001083620 Q12879
Mouse Gria2 NM_013540 P23819
Rat Gria2 NM_017261 P19491
View all AMPA Receptor Gene Data »

Literature for AMPA Receptors

Pain Research Product Guide

A collection of over 250 products for pain research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Nociception
  • Ion Channels
  • G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
  • Intracellular Signaling
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Pain Research Product Guide
Addiction Life Science Poster

Written by Prof David Nutt, this poster summarizes the brain circuits associated with addiction and outlines the main classes of addictive drugs and neurotransmitter systems affected by them. Compounds available from Tocris for addiction research are listed.

Request copy | Download PDF | View all posters
Addiction Life Science Poster
Alzheimer's Life Science Poster

Written by Alan Palmer and updated in 2015, this poster summarizes structural and functional changes observed in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), as well as classic AD drug targets. The hypotheses behind the neurobiology of AD are discussed alongside the different stages in disease progression. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Alzheimer's Life Science Poster
Depression Life Science Poster

Written by Phil Skolnick, Piotr Popik and Ramon Trullas and updated in 2015, this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Depression Life Science Poster
Learning & Memory Life Science Poster

Written by E. Clea Warburton and Zafar Bashir, this poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression. The role of different neurotransmitters involved in recognition memory and synaptic plasticity are also summarized. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

Request copy | Download PDF | View all posters
Learning & Memory Life Science Poster
Pain Life Science Poster

Written by Grant D. Nicol and Michael R. Vasko, this poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Pain Life Science Poster
Parkinson's Life Science Poster

Written by Anthony H.V. Schapira, this poster summarizes the neurobiology of Parkinson's disease (PD), including new genetic insight, neurotransmitter pathways, and the role of aberrant α-synuclein metabolism in PD pathogenesis. This poster also presents new and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay the onset and progress of PD. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Parkinson's Life Science Poster
Schizophrenia Life Science Poster

Written by Jacob Ballon et al, this poster highlights key signaling pathways implicated in the development of schizophrenia, and the most promising strategies in novel drug development. Current research targets include cholinergic and glutamatergic signaling pathways, and the D2 receptor. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Schizophrenia Life Science Poster

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Pain Research Product Guide

Pain Research Product Guide

Our Pain guide highlights over 280 products for Pain research. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Learning and Memory

Written by Clea Warburton and Zafar Bashir

Learning & Memory Life Science Poster

Our Learning and Memory poster gives an overview of the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Mechanisms of Addiction

Addiction Life Science Poster

Written by Prof David Nutt, this poster summarizes the brain circuits and neurotransmitter systems that are affected by the main classes of addictive drugs. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Peripheral Sensitization

Written by Grant D. Nicol and Michael R. Vasko

Pain Life Science Poster

Our Peripheral Sensitization poster gives a summary of the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Parkinson's disease: Neurobiology and Therapeutic Strategies

Written by Anthony H.V. Schapira

Parkinson's Life Science Poster

Our Parkinson's disease (PD) poster summarizes the neurobiology of the disease, and highlights current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Antidepressants - Current and Future Targets

Written by P. Skolnich et al

Depression Life Science Poster

Our Depression poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder. Request copy or view PDF today.

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Therapeutic Strategies in Schizophrenia

Written by J. Lieberman

Schizophrenia Life Science Poster

Our Schizophrenia poster higlights the targets and pathways representing the most promising strategies to pursue for novel drug development. Request copy today.

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Alzheimer's Disease: Neurobiology and Drug Targets

Written by Alan Palmer

Alzheimer's Life Science Poster

Our Alzheimer's disease poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease. Request copy or view PDF today.

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