Acid-Sensing Ion Channels

Supporting information

Acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC) are members of the ENaC/Deg (epithelial amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel and degenerin) family of ion channels and are widely expressed in neurons of the central and peripheral nervous system. They are voltage-insensitive, Na+ permeable channels that are activated by low extracellular pH.

ASIC subunits contain two putative transmembrane domains and assemble as homotrimers or heterotrimers. To date, five genes of the ASIC family have been identified. ASICs 1-3 are expressed in nociceptive sensory neurons and are involved in regulating mechanoceptor and nociceptor function. They are upregulated in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal cord in response to inflammation, and have a role in visceral and cutaneous mechanosensation. ASICs 1 and 2 are additionally expressed in the central nervous system and, because they are sensitive to acid, are implicated in conditions associated with ischemia and local acidosis, such as stroke and multiple sclerosis. ASIC1a, 1b and 2a, 2b are splice variants of ASIC1 and ASIC2, respectively. ASIC4 is expressed in many brain regions, as well as in the spinal cord and cerebellum, and may be involved in modulating fear and anxiety, while ASIC5 is an orphan member of the family, which is abundantly expressed in the cerebellum and to a lesser extent in the brain, liver and intestine.

To view external sources of pharmacological information for Acid-Sensing Ion Channels, please click here: IUPHAR Receptor Code and BJP Guide

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Gene Species Gene Symbol Gene Accession No. Protein Accession No.
Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 1 Human ASIC1 NM_020039  P78348 
Mouse Asic1 NM_009597 Q6NXK8
Rat Asic1 NM_024154 NP_077068
Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 2 Human ASIC2 NM_183377  Q16515  
Mouse Asic2 NM_007384 Q925H0
Rat Asic2 NM_012892 NP_037024
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Literature for Acid-Sensing Ion Channels

Pain Research Product Guide

A collection of over 250 products for pain research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Nociception
  • Ion Channels
  • G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
  • Intracellular Signaling
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Pain Life Science Poster

Written by Grant D. Nicol and Michael R. Vasko, this poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

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Pain Life Science Poster

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Pain Research Product Guide

Pain Research Product Guide

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Peripheral Sensitization

Written by Grant D. Nicol and Michael R. Vasko

Pain Life Science Poster

Our Peripheral Sensitization poster gives a summary of the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. Request copy or view PDF today.

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