Carbohydrate Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism is a fundamental biochemical process that ensures a constant supply of energy to living cells. The most important carbohydrate is glucose, which can be broken down via glycolysis, enter into the Kreb's cycle and oxidative phosphorylation to generate ATP.

Carbohydrate Metabolism Target Files

Related Categories

Further important pathways in carbohydrate metabolism include the pentose phosphate pathway (conversion of hexose sugars into pentoses), glycogenesis (conversion of excess glucose into glycogen, stimulated by insulin), glycogenolysis (conversion of glycogen polymers into glucose, stimulated by glucagon) and gluconeogenesis (de novo glucose synthesis).

There are multiple diseases that arise from improper carbohydrate metabolism. Diabetes mellitus is caused by a lack of, or a resistance to, insulin leading to hypo- or hyperglycemia. Lactose intolerance is a common allergy in adults and results from a lack of the enzyme lactase, which converts lactose disaccharides (found in dairy products) into glucose monosaccharides. Much rarer diseases such as galactosemia and von Gierke's diseases are caused by congenital mutations in enzymes involved in glucose metabolic pathways.

Quick Order

Find multiple products by catalog number

divider line

New Product Guide

New Product Guide (Fall/Winter 2016)

Our New Product guide highlights over 100 new products added in the second half of 2016. Request copy or view PDF today.

divider line

Twitter Updates

Follow @Tocris on Twitter

Follow us on Twitter!

Tocris is now actively tweeting. For regular updates on news, events and special offers, follow @Tocris on Twitter.