Cholinesterases inactivate the neurotransmitter acetylcholine by catalyzing its hydrolysis to choline and acetic acid. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is found in erythroid cells and at neuronal synapses, whilst butyrylcholinesterase is mostly expressed in the liver. The high enzymatic rate of AChE means that it effectively terminates signal transmission at cholinergic synpases.
AChE is the target of organophosphate nerve agents such as sarin and VX. Clinically, AChE inhibitors have found a number of uses, with physostigmine used to treat glaucoma. AChE inhibitors are also used in the management of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.View all products for Cholinesterases »
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Literature for Cholinesterases
A collection of over 275 products for neurodegeneration research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:
- Alzheimer's disease
- Parkinson's disease
- Huntington's disease
Written by Alan Palmer and updated in 2015, this poster summarizes structural and functional changes observed in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), as well as classic AD drug targets. The hypotheses behind the neurobiology of AD are discussed alongside the different stages in disease progression. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.Request copy | Download PDF | View all posters
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