GTS 21 dihydrochloride
Cat. No. 4557
Alternative Name: DMXBA
Chemical Name: 3-[(2,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)methylene]-
Biological ActivityPartial agonist of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs); also a weak α4β2 and 5-HT3 antagonist at micromolar concentrations. Exhibits improved sensory inhibition in DBA/2 mice following both acute and chronic administration. Also shown to improve memory in several animal models; facilitates hippocampal long-term potentiation.
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Olincy et al (2012) Nicotinic mechanisms in the treatment of psychotic disorders: a focus on the a7 nicotinic receptor. Handb.Exp.Pharmacol. 213 211. PMID: 23027417.
Stevens et al (2010) Continuous administration of a selective alpha7 nicotinic partial agonist, DMXBA, improves sensory inhibition without causing tachyphylaxis or receptor upregulation in DBA/2 mice. Brain.Res. 1352 140. PMID: 20599427.
Meyer et al (1994) Effects of anabaseine-related analogs on rat brain nicotinic receptor binding and on avoidance behaviors. Drug Dev.Res. 31 127.
If you know of a relevant reference for GTS 21 dihydrochloride please let us know.
Citations are publications that use Tocris products.
Do you know of a great paper that uses GTS 21 dihydrochloride from Tocris? If so please let us know.
View Related Products by Product Action
Keywords: GTS 21 dihydrochloride, supplier, GTS21, dihydrochloride, partial, agonist, a7, nAChR, nicotinic, acetylcholine, receptor, α7, agonists, a4b2, α4, β2, anti, inflammatory, Alzheimer's, disease, DMXBA, alpha7, alpha4beta2, Tocris Bioscience, Nicotinic (α7) Receptor Agonist products
Find multiple products by catalog number
New Products in this Area
Potent positive allosteric modulator of α4β2 nAChRs; also inhibitor of (α4)2(β2)3, muscle-type and Torpedo nAChRs
Follow @Tocris on Twitter
Tocris is now actively tweeting. For regular updates on news, events and special offers, follow @Tocris on Twitter.