5-Azacytidine

Cat. No. 3842

5-Azacytidine C8H12N4O5 [320-67-2]

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Chemical Name: 4-Amino-1-β-D-ribofuranosyl-1,3,5-triazin-2(1H)-one

Biological Activity

DNA methyltransferase inhibitor. Incorporates into DNA forming covalent adducts with cellular DNMT1, depleting enzyme activity. Induces demethylation and reactivation of silenced genes. Improves the efficiency of reprogramming of stem cells; induces differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into cardiomyocytes.

Technical Data

M.Wt:
244.2
Formula:
C8H12N4O5
Solubility:
Soluble to 50 mM in water and to 100 mM in DMSO
Purity:
>98 %
Storage:
Store at RT
CAS No:
320-67-2

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Certificate of Analysis / Safety Data Sheet

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Qian et al (2012) 5-Azacytidine induces cardiac differentiation of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells by activating extracellular regulated kinase. Stem Cells Dev. 21 67. PMID: 21476855.

Mikkelsen et al (2008) Dissecting direct reprogramming through integrative genomic analysis. Nature 454 49. PMID: 18509334.

Schneider-Stock et al (2005) 5-aza-Cytidine is a potent inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase 3a and induces apoptosis in HCT-116 colon cancer cells via Gadd45- and p53-dependent mechanisms. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 312 525. PMID: 15547111.

If you know of a relevant reference for this product please let us know.

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for 5-Azacytidine include:

Bhuvanagiri et al (2014) 5-azacytidine inhibits nonsense-mediated decay in a MYC-dependent fashion. EMBO Mol Med 6 1593. PMID: 25319547.

Perera et al (2009) Relation of DNA methylation of 5'-CpG island of ACSL3 to transplacental exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and childhood asthma. PLoS One 4 e4488. PMID: 19221603.

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Keywords: 5-Azacytidine, supplier, DNA, methyltransferases, methylation, inhibits, inhibitors, DNMT, mesenchymal, stem, cells, reprogramming, differentiation, differentiating, cardiomyocytes, epigenetics, Tocris Bioscience, DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor products

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