ZM 241385

Cat. No. 1036

ZM 241385 C16H15N7O2 [139180-30-6]

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Chemical Name: 4-(2-[7-Amino-2-(2-furyl)[1,2,4]triazolo[2,3-a][1,3,5]triazin-5-ylamino]ethyl)phenol

Biological Activity

Potent and highly selective A2A adenosine antagonist, with a pA2 of 9.02 for A2A receptors in guinea pig cardiac vasculature and selectivities of 1000, 91 and 500,000 over A1, A2B and A3 sites respectively. Active in vivo.

Licensing Information

Sold with the permission of AstraZeneca UK Ltd.

Technical Data

Soluble to 5 mM in ethanol and to 100 mM in DMSO
>99 %
Store at RT

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
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References are publications that support the products' biological activity.

Keddie et al (1996) In vivo characterisation of ZM 241385, a selective adenosine A2A receptor antagonist. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 301 107. PMID: 8773453.

Poucher et al (1996) Pharmacodynamics of ZM 241385, a potent A2a adenosine receptor antagonist, after enteric administration in rat, cat and dog. J.Pharm.Pharmacol. 48 601. PMID: 8832494.

Poucher et al (1995) The in vitro pharmacology of ZM 241385, a potent, non-xanthine, A2a selective adenosine receptor antagonist. Br.J.Pharmacol. 115 1096. PMID: 7582508.

If you know of a relevant reference for ZM 241385 please let us know.

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for ZM 241385 include:

Caiazzo et al (2016) Adenosine signalling mediates the anti-inflammatory effects of the COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide. Biochem.Pharmacol. 112 72. PMID: 27188793.

Liu et al (2016) Activation of Adenosine 2A receptor inhibits neutrophil apoptosis in an autophagy-dependent manner in mice with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Scientific Reports 6 33614. PMID: 27647162.

Mediero et al (2016) Ticagrelor regulates osteoblast and osteoclast function and promotes bone formation in vivo via an adenosine-dependent mechanism. FASEB J.. PMID: 27511945.

Cunha et al (2015) Creatine, similarly to ketamine, affords antidepressant-like effects in the tail suspension test via adenosine A1 and A2A receptor activation. Biochem J 11 215. PMID: 25702084.

Jamshad et al (2015) G-protein coupled receptor solubilization and purification for biophysical analysis and functional studies, in the total absence of detergent. Mol Cell Biol 35. PMID: 25720391.

Kohno et al (2015) Anti-inflammatory effects of adenosine N1-oxide. Biosci Rep 12 2. PMID: 25632271.

Oliveira et al (2015) Deficits in endogenous adenosine formation by ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 impair neuromuscular transmission and immune competence in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis. Mediators Inflamm 2015 460610. PMID: 25691808.

Perez-Aso et al (2015) Apremilast, a novel phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor, regulates inflammation through multiple cAMP downstream effectors. Arthritis Res Ther 17 249. PMID: 26370839.

Stoddart et al (2015) Application of BRET to monitor ligand binding to GPCRs. Nat Methods 12 661. PMID: 26030448.

Tosolini et al (2015) Human monocyte recognition of adenosine-based cyclic dinucleotides unveils the A2a Gαs protein-coupled receptor tonic inhibition of mitochondrially induced cell death. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 35 479. PMID: 25384972.

Ahsan and Mehal (2014) Activation of adenosine receptor A2A increases HSC proliferation and inhibits death and senescence by down-regulation of p53 and Rb. Front Pharmacol 5 69. PMID: 24782773.

Chiodi et al (2014) Cocaine-induced changes of synaptic transmission in the striatum are modulated by adenosine A2A receptors and involve the tyrosine phosphatase STEP. Neuropsychopharmacology 39 569. PMID: 23989619.

Perígolo-Vicente et al (2014) IL-6, A1 and A2aR: a crosstalk that modulates BDNF and induces neuroprotection. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 449 477. PMID: 24845382.

Ruby et al (2014) Adenosinergic regulation of striatal clock gene expression and ethanol intake during constant light. Kidney Int 39 2432. PMID: 24755889.

Welihinda and Amento et al (2014) Positive allosteric modulation of the adenosine A2a receptor attenuates inflammation. J Inflamm (Lond) 11 37. PMID: 25473378.

Fernández-Dueñas et al (2013) Dopamine D(2) receptor-mediated modulation of adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist binding within the A(2A)R/D(2)R oligomer framework. Oncoimmunology 63 42. PMID: 23619397.

He et al (2013) Adenosine regulates bone metabolism via A1, A2A, and A2B receptors in bone marrow cells from normal humans and patients with multiple myeloma. FASEB J 27 3446. PMID: 23682121.

Hein et al (2013) Cellular signalling pathways mediating dilation of porcine pial arterioles to adenosine A2A receptor activation. Blood 99 156. PMID: 23539502.

Jastrzebska et al (2013) Expression of mammalian G protein-coupled receptors in Caenorhabditis elegans. J Neurochem 520 239. PMID: 23332703.

Mediavilla-Varela et al (2013) Antagonism of adenosine A2A receptor expressed by lung adenocarcinoma tumor cells and cancer associated fibroblasts inhibits their growth. Neuropsychopharmacology 14 860. PMID: 23917542.

Nam et al (2013) Adenosine transporter ENT1 regulates the acquisition of goal-directed behavior and ethanol drinking through A2A receptor in the dorsomedial striatum. J Neurosci 33 4329. PMID: 23467349.

Fernández-Dueñas et al (2012) Molecular determinants of A2AR-D2R allosterism: role of the intracellular loop 3 of the D2R. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 123 373. PMID: 22924752.

Jeon et al (2012) Oroxylin A Induces BDNF Expression on Cortical Neurons through Adenosine A2A Receptor Stimulation: A Possible Role in Neuroprotection. Neurochem Int 20 27. PMID: 24116271.

Kinsey et al (2012) Autocrine adenosine signaling promotes regulatory T cell-mediated renal protection. J Am Soc Nephrol 23 1528. PMID: 22835488.

Lee et al (2012) Polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin gallate-induced cardioprotection may attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury through adenosine receptor activation: a preliminary study. Biomol Ther (Seoul) 63 340. PMID: 23115687.

Lee et al (2012) When cytokinin, a plant hormone, meets the adenosine A2A receptor: a novel neuroprotectant and lead for treating neurodegenerative disorders? PLoS One 7 e38865. PMID: 22719969.

Mandapathil et al (2012) CD26 expression and adenosine deaminase activity in regulatory T cells (Treg) and CD4(+) T effector cells in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. FASEB J 1 659. PMID: 22934258.

Mediero et al (2012) Adenosine A2A receptor activation prevents wear particle-induced osteolysis. Sci Transl Med 4 135ra65. PMID: 22623741.

Stoddart et al (2012) Fragment screening at adenosine-A(3) receptors in living cells using a fluorescence-based binding assay. Chem Biol 19 1105. PMID: 22999879.

Suzuki et al (2012) CD8+CD45RA+CCR7+FOXP3+ T cells with immunosuppressive properties: a novel subset of inducible human regulatory T cells. J Immunol 189 2118. PMID: 22821963.

Tozzi et al (2012) A2A adenosine receptor antagonism enhances synaptic and motor effects of cocaine via CB1 cannabinoid receptor activation. PLoS One 7 e38312. PMID: 22715379.

Williams and Cronstein (2012) The effect of A(2A) adenosine receptor activation on C-C chemokine receptor 7 expression in human THP1 macrophages during inflammation. Inflammation 35 614. PMID: 21739164.

Garcia et al (2011) Adenosine A(2A) receptor activation prevents progressive kidney fibrosis in a model of immune-associated chronic inflammation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 80 378. PMID: 21508927.

Jin et al (2011) Paeoniflorin suppresses the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in endotoxin-treated human monocytic cells. Br J Pharmacol 164 694. PMID: 21542832.

Ruiz-García et al (2011) Cooperation of adenosine with macrophage Toll-4 receptor agonists leads to increased glycolytic flux through the enhanced expression of PFKFB3 gene. J Biol Chem 286 19247. PMID: 21464136.

Zhukov et al (2011) Biophysical mapping of the adenosine A2A receptor. J Med Chem 54 4312. PMID: 21661720.

Bingham et al (2010) A2A adenosine receptor stimulation decreases foam cell formation by enhancing ABCA1-dependent cholesterol efflux. J Leukoc Biol 87 683. PMID: 20089670.

Gazoni et al (2010) Activation of A1, A2A, or A3 adenosine receptors attenuates lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 140 440. PMID: 20398911.

Gebremedhin et al (2010) Adenosine can mediate its actions through generation of reactive oxygen species. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 30 1777. PMID: 20531463.

Himer et al (2010) Adenosine A2A receptor activation protects CD4+ T lymphocytes against activation-induced cell death. FASEB J 24 2631. PMID: 20371613.

Long et al (2010) Adenosine receptor regulation of coronary blood flow in Ossabaw miniature swine. J Exp Med 335 781. PMID: 20855445.

Mandapathil et al (2010) Generation and accumulation of immunosuppressive adenosine by human CD4+CD25highFOXP3+ regulatory T cells. J Biol Chem 285 7176. PMID: 19858205.

Nowak et al (2010) The A2aR adenosine receptor controls cytokine production in iNKT cells. Am J Pathol 40 682. PMID: 20039304.

Riccioni et al (2010) Adenosine A(2A) Receptor Binding Profile of Two Antagonists, ST1535 and KW6002: Consideration on the Presence of Atypical Adenosine A(2A) Binding Sites. Front Psychiatry 1 22. PMID: 21423433.

Wang et al (2010) Static magnetic field exposure reproduces cellular effects of the Parkinson's disease drug candidate ZM241385. Korean J Anesthesiol 5 e13883. PMID: 21079735.

Alam et al (2009) A2A adenosine receptor (AR) activation inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokine production by human CD4+ helper T cells and regulates Helicobacter-induced gastritis and bacterial persistence. Mucosal Immunol 2 232. PMID: 19262506.

Clark et al (2009) Adenosine-evoked hyperpolarization of retinal ganglion cells is mediated by G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying K+ and small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel activation. J Neurosci 29 11237. PMID: 19741130.

Epperson et al (2009) Adenosine receptors and second messenger signaling pathways in rat cardiac fibroblasts. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 296 C1171. PMID: 19244482.

Maeda and Koos (2009) Adenosine A1 and A2a receptors modulate insulinemia, glycemia, and lactatemia in fetal sheep. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 296 R693. PMID: 19118101.

Ohta et al (2009) A2A adenosine receptor may allow expansion of T cells lacking effector functions in extracellular adenosine-rich microenvironments. Cardiovasc Res 183 5487. PMID: 19843934.

Wilson et al (2009) The A2B adenosine receptor impairs the maturation and immunogenicity of dendritic cells. J Immunol 182 4616. PMID: 19342636.

Yu et al (2009) Effect of ventilation pressure on alveolar fluid clearance and β-agonist responses in mice. Cancer Biol Ther 297 L785. PMID: 19684202.

Csóka et al (2008) Adenosine A2A receptor activation inhibits T helper 1 and T helper 2 cell development and effector function. FASEB J 22 3491. PMID: 18625677.

Fernandez et al (2008) Pharmacological blockade of A2A receptors prevents dermal fibrosis in a model of elevated tissue adenosine. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 172 1675. PMID: 18467695.

Garcia et al (2008) Adenosine A2A receptor activation and macrophage-mediated experimental glomerulonephritis. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 22 445. PMID: 17898087.

Liou et al (2008) Mediation of cannabidiol anti-inflammation in the retina by equilibrative nucleoside transporter and A2A adenosine receptor. PLoS One 49 5526. PMID: 18641283.

Singh et al (2008) Large-scale functional expression of WT and truncated human adenosine A2A receptor in Pichia pastoris bioreactor cultures. Eur J Immunol 7 28. PMID: 18847468.

Ramanathan et al (2007) Synergistic up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in macrophages by adenosine A2A receptor agonists and endotoxin involves transcriptional regulation via the hypoxia response element in the VEGF promoter. Br J Pharmacol 18 14. PMID: 17065555.

Chan et al (2006) Adenosine A(2A) receptors play a role in the pathogenesis of hepatic cirrhosis. Br J Pharmacol 148 1144. PMID: 16783407.

Ge et al (2006) Cl-IB-MECA [2-chloro-N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methylcarboxamide] reduces ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice by activating the A3 adenosine receptor. J Inflamm (Lond) 319 1200. PMID: 16985166.

Lappas et al (2006) Adenosine A2A receptor activation reduces hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury by inhibiting CD1d-dependent NKT cell activation. Mol Biol Cell 203 2639. PMID: 17088433.

Zhang et al (2006) Adenosine A2a receptors induce heterologous desensitization of chemokine receptors. Microb Cell Fact 108 38. PMID: 16522819.

Erdmann et al (2005) Activation of Th1 and Tc1 cell adenosine A2A receptors directly inhibits IL-2 secretion in vitro and IL-2-driven expansion in vivo. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 105 4707. PMID: 15746085.

Jacobson et al (2005) A neoceptor approach to unraveling microscopic interactions between the human A2A adenosine receptor and its agonists. Chem Biol 12 237. PMID: 15734651.

Kornerup et al (2005) Pharmacological characterisation of the adenosine receptor mediating increased ion transport in the mouse isolated trachea and the effect of allergen challenge. Br J Pharmacol 144 1011. PMID: 15685200.

Murphree et al (2005) Lipopolysaccharide rapidly modifies adenosine receptor transcripts in murine and human macrophages: role of NF-κB in A(2A) adenosine receptor induction. Methods Enzymol 391 575. PMID: 16022683.

Newman (2005) Calcium increases in retinal glial cells evoked by light-induced neuronal activity. Blood 25 5502. PMID: 15944378.

Germack and Dickenson (2004) Characterization of ERK1/2 signalling pathways induced by adenosine receptor subtypes in newborn rat cardiomyocytes. Br J Pharmacol 141 329. PMID: 14751870.

Dall'Igna et al (2003) Neuroprotection by caffeine and adenosine A2A receptor blockade of β-amyloid neurotoxicity. PLoS One 138 1207. PMID: 12711619.

Nishi et al (2003) Metabotropic mGlu5 receptors regulate adenosine A2A receptor signaling. Br J Pharmacol 100 1322. PMID: 12538871.

Wen and Knowles (2003) Extracellular ATP and adenosine induce cell apoptosis of human hepatoma Li-7A cells via the A3 adenosine receptor. Br J Pharmacol 140 1009. PMID: 14530217.

Brito et al (2002) Adenosine A(2A) receptors in portal hypertension: their role in the abnormal response to adenosine of the cranial mesenteric artery in rabbits. J Neurosci 135 1324. PMID: 11877342.

Hirsh and Silinsky (2002) Inhibition of spontaneous acetylcholine secretion by 2-chloroadenosine as revealed by a protein kinase inhibitor at the mouse neuromuscular junction. Br J Pharmacol 135 1897. PMID: 11959792.

Avila et al (2001) A(1)-, A(2A)- and A(3)-subtype adenosine receptors modulate intraocular pressure in the mouse. Br J Pharmacol 134 241. PMID: 11564641.

Lee and Chao (2001) Activation of Trk neurotrophin receptors in the absence of neurotrophins. Purinergic Signal 98 3555. PMID: 11248116.

Nieri et al (2001) Adenosine-mediated hypotension in in vivo guinea-pig: receptors involved and role of NO. Br J Pharmacol 134 745. PMID: 11606314.

Slesinger (2001) British Pharmacological Society Meeting. 18-21 December 2000, University of Birmingham. Abstracts. Br J Pharmacol 133 Suppl 1P. PMID: 11403025.

Guibert et al (1998) Dependence of P2-nucleotide receptor agonist-mediated endothelium-independent relaxation on ectonucleotidase activity and A2A-receptors in rat portal vein. Br J Pharmacol 123 1732. PMID: 9605582.

Nakav et al Anti-inflammatory preconditioning by agonists of adenosine A1 receptor. J Immunol 3 e2107. PMID: 18461129.

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