Cat. No. 3090
Chemical Name: 3',4',5',6'-Tetrahydroxyspiro[isobenzof
Biological ActivityInhibitor of G protein βγ subunit-dependent signaling. Blocks PI 3-kinase and Rac1 activation in HL60 cells and chemotaxis in HL60 differentiated cells.
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet
Ukhanov et al (2011) Phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent antagonism in mammalian olfactory receptor neurons. J.Neurosci. 31 273. PMID: 21209212.
Lehmann et al (2008) Small molecule disruption of G protein βγ subunit signaling inhibits neutrophil chemotaxis and inflammation. Mol.Pharmacol. 73 410. PMID: 18006643.
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Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Gallein include:
Liu et al (2016) Activation of Adenosine 2A receptor inhibits neutrophil apoptosis in an autophagy-dependent manner in mice with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Scientific Reports 6 33614. PMID: 27647162.
Chung et al (2015) Albumin-associated free fatty acids induce macropinocytosis in podocytes. J Clin Invest 125 2307. PMID: 25915582.
López-Cotarelo et al (2015) A novel MEK-ERK-AMPK signaling axis controls chemokine receptor CCR7-dependent survival in human mature dendritic cells. Inflamm Res 290 827. PMID: 25425646.
Stott et al (2015) G-protein βγ subunits are positive regulators of Kv7.4 and native vascular Kv7 channel activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112 6497. PMID: 25941381.
Sanz et al (2014) Promotion of cancer cell invasiveness and metastasis emergence caused by olfactory receptor stimulation. PLoS One 9 e85110. PMID: 24416348.
Sikka et al (2014) Melanopsin mediates light-dependent relaxation in blood vessels. J Biol Chem 111 17977. PMID: 25404319.
Ahmadiantehrani and Ron (2013) Dopamine D2 receptor activation leads to an up-regulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor via Gβγ-Erk1/2-dependent induction of Zif268. J Neurochem. PMID: 23373701.
Salgado-Pabón et al (2013) Superantigens are critical for Staphylococcus aureus Infective endocarditis, sepsis, and acute kidney injury. MBio 4. PMID: 23963178.
Breshears et al (2012) A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling drive the epithelial response to Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). J Biol Chem 287 32578. PMID: 22833676.
Meitzen et al (2011) β1-Adrenergic receptors activate two distinct signaling pathways in striatal neurons. J Neurochem 116 984. PMID: 21143600.
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Keywords: Gallein, supplier, inhibitors, inhibits, betagamma, signaling, G, Proteins, Heterotrimeric, Tocris Bioscience, G Protein (Heterotrimeric) Inhibitor products
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