Cat. No. 1085
Biological ActivityPeptide neurotoxin; selectively and reversibly blocks N-type calcium channels (IC50 = 0.15 nM). Reduces (RS)-3,5-DHPG (Cat. No. 0342)-induced long term depression in vivo.
(Modifications: X = Hyp, Disulfide bridge between 1 - 16, 8 - 19, 15 - 26, Tyr-27 = C-terminal amide)
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Connelly et al (2011) Distinct mechanisms contribute to agonist and synaptically induced metabotropic glutamate receptor long-term depression. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 667 160. PMID: 21575629.
Wright and Angu (1997) Prolonged cardiovascular effects of the N-type Ca2+ channel antagonist ω-conotoxin GVIA in conscious rabbits. J.Cardiovasc.Pharmacol. 30 392. PMID: 9300325.
Sato et al (1993) Role of basic residues for the binding of omega-conotoxin GVIA to N-type calcium channels. Biochem.Biophys.Res.Comm. 194 1292. PMID: 8394704.
Tsien et al (1988) Multiple types of neuronal calcium channels and their selective modulation. TiNS 11 431. PMID: 2469160.
If you know of a relevant reference for ω-Conotoxin GVIA please let us know.
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for ω-Conotoxin GVIA include:
Bellono (2017) Molecular basis of ancestral vertebrate electroreception. Nature 543 391. PMID: 28264196.
Cassilly et al (2016) SB-224289 Antagonizes the Antifungal Mechanism of the Marine Depsipeptide Papuamide A. Front Cell Neurosci 11 e0154932. PMID: 27183222.
Perissinotti et al (2015) Calcium current homeostasis and synaptic deficits in hippocampal neurons from Kelch-like 1 knockout mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 8 444. PMID: 25610372.
Mahler et al (2014) Modafinil attenuates reinstatement of cocaine seeking: role for cystine-glutamate exchange and metabotropic glutamate receptors. J Neurosci 19 49. PMID: 23017017.
Pan et al (2014) σ-1 receptor antagonism restores injury-induced decrease of voltage-gated Ca2+ current in sensory neurons. Addict Biol 350 290. PMID: 24891452.
Szabó et al (2014) Presynaptic calcium channel inhibition underlies CB1 cannabinoid receptor-mediated suppression of GABA release. PLoS One 34 7958. PMID: 24899717.
Medrihan et al (2013) Synapsin II desynchronizes neurotransmitter release at inhibitory synapses by interacting with presynaptic calcium channels. Nature 4 1512. PMID: 23443540.
Schuwald et al (2013) Lavender oil-potent anxiolytic properties via modulating voltage dependent calcium channels. J Neurosci 8 e59998. PMID: 23637742.
Grubb and Burrone (2010) Activity-dependent relocation of the axon initial segment fine-tunes neuronal excitability. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 465 1070. PMID: 20543823.
Kim and Alger (2010) Reduction in endocannabinoid tone is a homeostatic mechanism for specific inhibitory synapses. Nat Neurosci 13 592. PMID: 20348918.
Chu et al (2009) Secretin as a neurohypophysial factor regulating body water homeostasis. PLoS One 106 15961. PMID: 19805236.
Haeberle et al (2004) Molecular profiling reveals synaptic release machinery in Merkel cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101 14503. PMID: 15448211.
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Keywords: w-Conotoxin GVIA, supplier, Ca2+, channel, blockers, N-type, Calcium, CaV, Channels, voltage-gated, voltage-dependent, omega-Conotoxin, ω-conotoxin, GVIA, neurotoxins, venoms, Tocris Bioscience, Voltage-gated Calcium Channel (CaV) Blocker products