Cat. No. 0879
Alternative Name: PEA
Chemical Name: N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)hexadecanamide
Biological ActivityEndogenous lipid that acts as a selective GPR55 agonist (EC50 values are 4, 19 800 and > 30 000 nM at GPR55, CB2 and CB1 receptors respectively). Substrate for fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and PEA-preferring acid amidase (PAA) and exhibits antinociceptive and anticonvulsant in vivo. Directly activates PPARα (EC50 = 3 μM) producing robust anti-inflammatory actions.
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Safety Data Sheet
Ryberg et al (2007) The orphan receptor GPR55 is a novel cannabinoid receptor. Br.J.Pharmacol. 152 1092. PMID: 17876302.
Lo Verme et al (2005) The search for the palmitoylethanolamide receptor. Life Sci. 77 1685. PMID: 15963531.
Re et al (2005) Palmitoylethanolamide, endocannabinoids and related cannabimimetic compounds in protection against tissue inflammation and pain: potential use in companion animals. Vet.J. 173 21. PMID: 16324856.
Lambert et al (2002) The palmitoylethanolamide family: a new class of anti-inflammatory agents? Curr.Med.Chem. 9 663. PMID: 11945130.
Lambert et al (2001) Anticonvulsant activity of N-palmitoylethanolamide, a putative endocannabinoid, in mice. Epilepsia 42 321. PMID: 11442148.
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Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Palmitoylethanolamide include:
Lin et al (2015) Palmitoylethanolamide inhibits glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals. J Neuroinflammation 16 5555. PMID: 25768340.
Raso et al (2015) Palmitoylethanolamide treatment reduces blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats: involvement of cytochrome p450-derived eicosanoids and renin angiotensin system. Int J Mol Sci 10 e0123602. PMID: 25951330.
Redlich et al (2014) Palmitoylethanolamide stimulates phagocytosis of Escherichia coli K1 by macrophages and increases the resistance of mice against infections. PLoS One 11 108. PMID: 24927796.
Scuderi et al (2012) Palmitoylethanolamide exerts neuroprotective effects in mixed neuroglial cultures and organotypic hippocampal slices via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α. Br J Pharmacol 9 49. PMID: 22405189.
Ho et al (2008) 'Entourage' effects of N-palmitoylethanolamide and N-oleoylethanolamide on vasorelaxation to anandamide occur through TRPV1 receptors. Br J Pharmacol 155 837. PMID: 18695637.
Melis et al (2008) Endogenous fatty acid ethanolamides suppress nicotine-induced activation of mesolimbic dopamine neurons through nuclear receptors. J Neurosci 28 13985. PMID: 19091987.
Chataigneau et al (1998) Cannabinoid CB1 receptor and endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization in guinea-pig carotid, rat mesenteric and porcine coronary arteries. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 123 968. PMID: 9535027.
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Keywords: Palmitoylethanolamide, supplier, Endogenous, lipid, PPARα, PPARalpha, agonists, activity, Selective, GPR55, FAAH, PAA, PEA-preferring, acid, amidase, Peroxisome, Proliferator-activating, Receptors, PPAR, Cannabinoid, Anandamide, Fatty, Acid, Amide, Hydrolases, Tocris Bioscience, GPR55 Agonist products