α-Bungarotoxin

Cat. No. 2133

a-Bungarotoxin Ile-Val-Cys-His-Thr-Thr-Ala-Thr-Ser-Pro-Ile-Ser-Ala-Val-Thr-Cys-Pro-Pro-Gly-Glu-Asn-Leu-Cys-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Met-Trp-Cys-Asp-Ala-Phe-Cys-Ser-Ser-Arg-Gly-Lys-Val-Val-Glu-Leu-Gly-Cys-Ala-Ala-Thr-Cys-Pro-Ser-Lys-Lys-Pro-Tyr-Glu-Glu-Val-Thr-Cys-Cys-Ser-Thr-Asp-Lys

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Alternative Names: α-Bgtx, α-BuTX

Biological Activity

Neurotoxin that blocks neuromuscular transmission via irreversible inhibition of nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs). Prevents opening of nicotinic receptor-associated ion channels and is selective for α7 receptors over α3β4 receptors (IC50 values are 1.6 nM and > 3 μM respectively).

Technical Data

M.Wt:
7984.14
Formula:
C338H529N97O105S11
Sequence:
IVCHTTATSPISAVTCPPGENLCYRKMWCDAFCSSRGKVVELGCAATCPSKKPYEEVTCCSTDKCNPHPKQRPG

(Modifications: Disulfide bridge between 3 - 23, 16 - 44, 29 - 33, 48 - 59, 60 - 65)

Solubility:
Soluble in water
Storage:
Desiccate at -20°C
CAS No:
11032-79-4

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Certificate of Analysis / Safety Data Sheet

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Safety Data Sheet: View Safety Data Sheet

Lopez et al (1998) Unmasking the functions of the chromaffin cell α7 nicotinic receptor by using short pulses of acetylcholine and selective blockers. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 95 14184.

Zhang et al (1994) Neuronal acetylcholine receptors that bind α-bungarotoxin with high affinity function as ligand-gated ion channels. Neuron 12 167. PMID: 7507338.

If you know of a relevant reference for this product please let us know.

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for α-Bungarotoxin include:

Gill-Thind et al (2015) Structurally similar allosteric modulators of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors exhibit five distinct pharmacological effects. J Biol Chem 290 3552. PMID: 25516597.

Singh et al (2015) Norepinephrine is required to promote wakefulness and for hypocretin-induced arousal in zebrafish. Elife 4. PMID: 26374985.

Ślimak et al (2014) Habenular expression of rare missense variants of the β4 nicotinic receptor subunit alters nicotine consumption. Front Hum Neurosci 8 12. PMID: 24478678.

Kamynina et al (2013) Acetylcholine and antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor protect neurons and astrocytes against beta-amyloid toxicity. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 45 899. PMID: 23353645.

Moult et al (2013) Fast silencing reveals a lost role for reciprocal inhibition in locomotion. Neuron 77 129. PMID: 23312521.

Sala et al (2013) CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking cessation. Br J Pharmacol 168 835. PMID: 22957729.

Krais et al (2011) CHRNA5 as negative regulator of nicotine signaling in normal and cancer bronchial cells: effects on motility, migration and p63 expression. Carcinogenesis 32 1388. PMID: 21586512.

Demarque and Spitzer (2010) Activity-dependent expression of Lmx1b regulates specification of serotonergic neurons modulating swimming behavior. Neuron 67 321. PMID: 20670838.

Sun et al (2009) Rosiglitazone inhibits alpha4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expression in human lung carcinoma cells through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-independent signals. Mol Cancer Ther 8 110. PMID: 19139119.

Do you know of a great paper that uses α-Bungarotoxin from Tocris? If so please let us know.show all ▼show less ▲

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Keywords: a-Bungarotoxin, supplier, α7, alpha7, a7, subtype-selective, nAChR, antagonists, Nicotinic, Receptors, Acetylcholine, α-Bungarotoxin, alpha-Bungarotoxin, neurotoxins, Bungarotoxin, alpha-Bgtx, alpha-BuTX, Tocris Bioscience, Nicotinic (α7) Receptor Antagonist products

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