Cat. No. 2133
Alternative Names: α-Bgtx, α-BuTX
Biological ActivityNeurotoxin that blocks neuromuscular transmission via irreversible inhibition of nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs). Prevents opening of nicotinic receptor-associated ion channels and is selective for α7 receptors over α3β4 receptors (IC50 values are 1.6 nM and > 3 μM respectively).
(Modifications: Disulfide bridge between 3 - 23, 16 - 44, 29 - 33, 48 - 59, 60 - 65)
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Lopez et al (1998) Unmasking the functions of the chromaffin cell α7 nicotinic receptor by using short pulses of acetylcholine and selective blockers. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 95 14184.
Zhang et al (1994) Neuronal acetylcholine receptors that bind α-bungarotoxin with high affinity function as ligand-gated ion channels. Neuron 12 167. PMID: 7507338.
If you know of a relevant reference for α-Bungarotoxin please let us know.
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for α-Bungarotoxin include:
Miyamoto et al (2016) Increasing the Receptor Tyrosine Kinase EphB2 Prevents Amyloid-β-induced Depletion of Cell Surface Glutamate Receptors by a Mechanism That Requires the PDZ-binding Motif of EphB2 and Neuronal Activity. J Neurosci 291 1719. PMID: 26589795.
Bader and Diener (2015) Novel aspects of cholinergic regulation of colonic ion transport. J Biol Chem 3 e00139. PMID: 26236483.
Bryant et al (2015) Cholinergic control of γ power in the midbrain spatial attention network. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 35 761. PMID: 25589769.
Chatzidaki et al (2015) The influence of allosteric modulators and transmembrane mutations on desensitisation and activation of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. PLoS One 97 75. PMID: 25998276.
Gill-Thind et al (2015) Structurally similar allosteric modulators of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors exhibit five distinct pharmacological effects. J Biol Chem 290 3552. PMID: 25516597.
Li (2015) Selective Gating of Neuronal Activity by Intrinsic Properties in Distinct Motor Rhythms. Neurotherapeutics 35 9799. PMID: 26156983.
Singh et al (2015) Norepinephrine is required to promote wakefulness and for hypocretin-induced arousal in zebrafish. Elife 4. PMID: 26374985.
Spurny et al (2015) Molecular blueprint of allosteric binding sites in a homologue of the agonist-binding domain of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Neuropharmacology 112 E2543. PMID: 25918415.
Ślimak et al (2014) Habenular expression of rare missense variants of the β4 nicotinic receptor subunit alters nicotine consumption. Front Hum Neurosci 8 12. PMID: 24478678.
Macpherson et al (2014) The α 7 nicotinic receptor agonist PHA-543613 hydrochloride inhibits Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced expression of interleukin-8 by oral keratinocytes. J Neurosci 63 557. PMID: 24609617.
Kamynina et al (2013) Acetylcholine and antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor protect neurons and astrocytes against beta-amyloid toxicity. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 45 899. PMID: 23353645.
Moult et al (2013) Fast silencing reveals a lost role for reciprocal inhibition in locomotion. Neuron 77 129. PMID: 23312521.
Némethova et al (2013) Nicotine attenuates activation of tissue resident macrophages in the mouse stomach through the β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Inflamm Res 8 e79264. PMID: 24223920.
Sala et al (2013) CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking cessation. Br J Pharmacol 168 835. PMID: 22957729.
Zhong et al (2013) Nicotine elicits prolonged calcium signaling along ventral hippocampal axons. Pharmacol Res Perspect 8 e82719. PMID: 24349346.
Krais et al (2011) CHRNA5 as negative regulator of nicotine signaling in normal and cancer bronchial cells: effects on motility, migration and p63 expression. Carcinogenesis 32 1388. PMID: 21586512.
Demarque and Spitzer (2010) Activity-dependent expression of Lmx1b regulates specification of serotonergic neurons modulating swimming behavior. Neuron 67 321. PMID: 20670838.
Sun et al (2009) Rosiglitazone inhibits alpha4 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor expression in human lung carcinoma cells through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-independent signals. Mol Cancer Ther 8 110. PMID: 19139119.
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Keywords: alpha-Bungarotoxin, supplier, α7, alpha7, a7, subtype-selective, nAChR, antagonists, Nicotinic, Receptors, Acetylcholine, α-Bungarotoxin, alpha-Bungarotoxin, neurotoxins, Bungarotoxin, alpha-Bgtx, alpha-BuTX, venoms, Tocris Bioscience, Nicotinic (α7) Receptor Antagonist products
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Potent positive allosteric modulator of α4β2 nAChRs; also inhibitor of (α4)2(β2)3, muscle-type and Torpedo nAChRs
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