Cat. No. 1448
Alternative Name: BD 40A
Chemical Name: (±)-(R,R)-N-[2-Hydroxy-5-[1-hydroxy-
Biological ActivityPotent, selective and long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist. Displays 330-fold selectivity for β2 over β1 receptors (pKd values are 8.12 and 5.58 respectively). Potently relaxes guinea pig trachea (pD2 = 9.29), and is longer-acting and 100-fold more potent than salbutamol.
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet / Safety Datasheet
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Naline et al (1994) Relaxant effects and durations of action of formoterol and salmeterol on the isolated human bronchus. Eur.Respir.J. 7 914. PMID: 7914176.
Anderson (1993) Formoterol: pharmacology, molecular basis of agonism, and mechanism of long duration of a highly potent and selective β2-adrenoceptor agonist bronchodilator. Life Sci. 52 2145. PMID: 8099696.
Decker et al (1982) Effects of N-aralkyl substitution of β-agonists on α- and β-adrenoceptor subtypes: pharmacological studies and binding assays. J.Pharm.Pharmacol. 34 107. PMID: 6121868.
If you know of a relevant reference for Formoterol hemifumarate please let us know.
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Formoterol hemifumarate include:
Bacou (2017) β2-adrenoreceptor stimulation dampens the LPS-induced M1 polarization in pig macrophages. Dev Comp Immunol 76 169. PMID: 28633932.
Liu et al (2015) A long-acting β2-adrenergic agonist increases the expression of muscarine cholinergic subtype-3 receptors by activating the β2-adrenoceptor cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling pathway in airway smooth muscle cells. Mol Cell Neurosci 11 4121. PMID: 25672589.
Lavine et al (2013) Attenuation of choroidal neovascularization by β(2)-adrenoreceptor antagonism. JAMA Ophthalmol 131 376. PMID: 23303344.
Maupoil et al (2007) Ectopic activity in the rat pulmonary vein can arise from simultaneous activation of alpha1- and beta1-adrenoceptors. Br J Pharmacol 150 899. PMID: 17325650.
Plummer et al (2004) Expression of inwardly rectifying potassium channels (GIRKs) and beta-adrenergic regulation of breast cancer cell lines. BMC Cancer 4 93. PMID: 15603589.
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